Black Pepper Plant

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Plant Sizing Guide

The Black Pepper Plant, scientifically known as Piper nigrum, is a tropical, woody vine cultivated for the production of black pepper, a widely used spice. Originating from India, this perennial plant features heart-shaped leaves and produces small, spherical fruits called peppercorns. Initially green, the peppercorns ripen to red and are then dried to obtain the familiar black pepper spice. The plant thrives in warm, humid conditions, typically found in tropical regions. As a climbing vine, it requires support such as trellises or trees for vertical growth. Beyond its culinary applications, black pepper has historical significance and has been prized for its flavor and medicinal properties for centuries. The Black Pepper Plant remains a key player in global spice production and a testament to the cultural and culinary importance of pepper.

Botanical Name  

Piper nigrum

Also Known As  

Black peppercorn | 黑胡椒


USDA Zone  
Light Needs  
Watering Needs  
Life Cycle  
Avg. Mature Size  
Growth Rate  
Bloom Time  
Flower Color  
Harvest Season  
Years to Bear  

10 - 11
Partial - Full Sun
15' Tall and 12' Wide
Dec to Jan
1 -2 years


Soils & Fertilizers For Black Pepper Plant

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